Software Development Roles Your Company Needs Blog

They are also involved with helping design hardware architecture and the coding environment. Generalist teams consist of professionals who understand the software product as a whole. Each member has experience in many software development fields, but none have deep expertise in a specific niche.

  • As mentioned above, these roles can be separate, but very often you’ll find UX/UI designers on your team who have a mix of the relevant skills for both these jobs.
  • In other words, the less time you have to deploy the product, the more experts you need to be involved throughout the process.
  • It’s not a horror story, it’s a poorly architected/not optimised/legacy infrastructure.
  • Without the project manager, there’d be no plan or structure to deliver the work.
  • The type of software you are working on can make a huge difference in the way you structure your software development team.
  • Project management is your bridge between the world of business problems and IT jargon.

The most adaptable and experienced software development team role is the team leader. Such a specialist possesses professional technical knowledge, leadership characteristics, and team management experience. The Software Testers are known as the most important people in the software product development team. They ensure that the software solution meets the business requirements or not.


Specialist teams consist of professionals who are experienced in specific niches. Unlike generalists, they are unfamiliar with general development issues. Companies may want to hire specialist teams to perform specific tasks, such as C++ or Java programming. Collaborating with a specialist development development team roles and responsibilities team may lead to shorter development timeframes. UX/UI designers are responsible for designing the user interfaces for the application or software product that may be developed. They analyze the functionality the product should have, as well as characteristics intended for final users.

Thanks to prototyping tools, such a person can – together with a client – prepare a template of the application’s user interface. Works on a higher level of abstraction and is responsible for a budget, risk, schedule and contract management. It’s highly possible that project managers don’t well-know the product which they are creating. They use different methodologies and are focused mainly on controlling the project. A traditional development team, on the other hand, is built based on a proper hierarchy between team roles, so there are leaders and managers on a tree of relationships.

Typical Software Development Team Structure and Roles

A product owner is a person who has the vision of the final product and is considered a key stakeholder throughout the development phase. The product owner’s main responsibility is to communicate this vision to the development team. It is up to the product owner to decide how the final product will function and he has the final say in making any decisions, especially the ones related to the product’s functionality. Naturally, a product owner joins the project from the very beginning and closely monitors it throughout the development process. DevOps professionals are versatile technical specialists who keep the software program running. They start by creating a stable environment for the software developers to build in.

It’s the person who writes complex and sophisticated algorithms and application logic that makes all the magic happen under the hood. Some people say that developers can also design systems, so there is no need to employ a UX. But, although a single developer might be able to fulfill a few roles simultaneously and successfully deliver a great product, having additional, more specialistic roles ensures better optimization of skills. In fact, we must have both roles in the team as they greatly complement one another and learn a lot when cooperating with their different perspectives. A UX and a developer work together to have a positive impact on a product’s design and development. A user experience designer’s main task is to care about users’ experiences when interacting with the final product.

Quality Assurance (QA) Engineer

Some tools which are used by UI Designer are Adobe XD, Axure, Figma, Sketch, Visual Studio Code, etc. They are responsible for utilizing the technical requirements from the technical leads to form cost and deadline estimates. Developers are the actual members who write code to make the software function. Without a test engineer, you either lose time (if you test your app yourself) or money (if you want developers to test it) or product quality and users (if no one tests the app). There’s a misconception that software engineers can create an app’s design themselves. But in this case, your app will look exactly like thousands of other apps.

software development team roles

They work closely with the frontend development team throughout the project. Developing a prototype may be part of product discovery or an independent process. If you have a comprehensive understanding of your product and want to win investors’ attention, a prototype may help with that. A product owner, project manager, business analyst, and software designer can turn your requirements into a fundraising magnet. It’s impossible to answer this question without a deep understanding of your idea, business requirements, and expected time to market.

As AI Evolves, so Do the Roles in Upper Management for Tech Teams

Let’s take app development to help us understand, and we’ll use the example of an e-commerce app. While back-end developers code everything that takes place behind the scenes, like inventory, product uploads, and categorizing. The business analyst works closely with the product owner and project manager.

software development team roles

You might think that you have to hire developers that are as experienced as possible to form your team. While you certainly need that experience to arrive at sophisticated solutions, you can always complement that with junior developers that can tackle routine tasks. In that way, you can have a more diverse team that plays to the strengths of all of its members, and that brings the solutions different projects require. The final objective of a product owner is to ensure that the product that comes out of development provides the value you’re looking for.


The project’s success is just as dependent on a good business model as it is on good technology. The business analyst assesses the current market and customer trends and determines how the software project fits into that. They also help determine how the end product will generate revenue and how they can keep development costs in line with that.

software development team roles

They also optimize and streamline the process of building software, making it faster and easier for developers to get their jobs done. A software architect is a person liable for describing the complete architecture system of a project. They do high-level designing based on non-frictional needs and dictate coding standards with tools and platforms.


This specialist’s work and decisions aren’t based on mere intuition, they are heavily researched and based on user studies. In short, Business Analysts (BAs) are responsible for translating business needs to requirements. They help businesses formulate business goals, and assist in defining the requirements during feasibility and foundations stages, sometimes even before the full development team is assembled. Scroll down and become a conscious manager learning who is good to have in a software development team and why. It would help if you examined applicants’ portfolios to determine their practical experience and the quality of their work.

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